Born on October 9, 1958 in Gorlovka city, Donetsk oblast. Has a higher education.
In 1981 Yuri Boyko graduated from the Moscow Chemical and Technological Institute with a degree in chemical technology of organic substances, specialization – engineer-technologist.
In 2001 – he graduated from a branch of the East-Ukrainian National University, with a bachelor degree in economics of enterprises.
From 1981 to 1999 he worked at the “Zarya” factory located in the Rubezhnoe city, Luhansk oblast. There he made a career from trainee to director of the enterprise.
In 1999 and 2001 – he worked as a Chairman of the Board – General Director of OJSC «Lisichansknefteorgsintez», Lisichansk city, and General Director of the State Enterprise «Ukrvzryvprom», Kyiv.
08.2001 – 02.2002 – Acting Chairman of the Board, Chairman of the Board of JSC «Ukrtatnafta», Kremenchuk city.
02.2002 – 07.2003 – Deputy Minister of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine – Chairman of the Board of «Naftogaz Ukraine».
07.2003 – 03.2005 – First Deputy Minister of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine – Chairman of the Board of «Naftogaz Ukraine».
08.2006 – 12.2007 – Minister of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine.
12.2007 – 03.2010 – Member of Parliament of Ukraine of the VI convocation.
03.2010 – 12.2010 – Minister of Fuel and Energy of Ukraine.
12.2010 – 12.2012 – Minister of Energy and Coal Industry of Ukraine.
12.2012 – 02.2014 – Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine.
Since November 2014 – Member of Parliament of Ukraine of the VIII convocation.
On May 27, 2016 Yuri Boyko was elected Co-chairman of the party OPPOSITION BLOCK.
Public activity: Honorary President of the search group “Dnieper-Ukraine”.
Honors: Hero of Ukraine (with the Order of the State, August 22, 2004 – for outstanding personal services to the Ukrainian State in the development of the fuel and energy complex and for many years of dedicated work). He was honored the Order of St. Prince Jaroslav Mudry 5th Class (10.2013) and “Order of Merit” 3rd Class (05.2003). Order of the ROC (Russian Orthodox Church, Moscow Patriarchate) of St. Seraphim of Sarov 2rd Class (2011).